Acne

All pimples start the same way. They can take many forms and may react differently for different people. All acne begins with one basic lesion - with microcomedo. It is an enlarged hair follicle (often called pore) that got blocked with sebum oil and bacteria. As the skin continues to produce more oil, bacteria begins to grow within the swollen follicle. The surrounding skin becomes increasingly inflamed as white blood cells fight against the intruders. Mainly there are two types of acne:

1. Non-inflammatory acne

Microcomedos become non-inflamed skin blemishes called comedos either a whitehead or a blackhead.

Closed comedo, or whitehead are formed when trapped sebum oil and bacteria stay below the skin surface.  They usually appear on the skin as tiny white spots, or they may be so small that they are invisible to the naked eye.

Open comedo, or blackhead occurs when the pore opens to the surface, and the sebum, which contains the skin pigment melanin, oxidizes and turns a brown/black colour. It is not dirt and can not be washed away. Blackheads can last for longer because the contents very slowly drain to the surface.

A blackhead or whitehead can release its contents to the surface and heal. Sometimes the follicle wall can rupture and inflammatory acne can ensue. It can be caused by random occurrence or by touching the skin. This is why it is important to leave acne prone skin relatively untouched.

2. Inflammatory acne

A papule is the mildest form of inflammatory acne. It appears on the skin as a small, firm pink bump and occurs when there is a break in the follicular wall. White blood cells rush in and the pore becomes inflamed. These can be tender to the touch.

A pustule unlike papules are clearly inflamed and contain visible pus. It forms several days later when white blood cells make their way to the surface of the skin. This is what people usually refer to as a  "pimple". This type of inflammation is mainly caused by chemical irritation from sebum oil components such as fatty free acids.

An inflamed lesion can sometimes completely collapse or explode, severely inflaming the surrounding skin, and sometimes absorbing adjacent follicles. These lesions are called:

Nodule - Appears when a follicle breaks along the bottom. Inflamed, pus-filled lesions lodged deep within the skin can be sore to the touch.

Cyst - The most severe form of acne lesion, nodules may persist for weeks or months, and their contents hardening into a deep cyst. Both nodules and cysts often leave deep scars.

Others:

Milia -  tiny white bumps that form when normally sloughed skin cells get trapped in small pockets on the skin surface. Usually, the bumps disappear as the surface is worn away and the dead skin is sloughed. They are very common in newborns (especially across the nose and upper cheeks). The bumps usually disappear within the first few weeks of life.  They can also be seen on adult skin, however, they may persist indefinitely.

Treatment is usually not indicated in children. Adults can have them removed by a physician for cosmetic improvement.

Acne Rosacea can look similar to the acne vulgaris, however it is not defined as a type of acne. Rosacea affects millions of people, mostly those who are over the age of 30. Scientists are not sure what causes rosacea, but they do know that it differs from acne in one important way. Rosacea, unlike acne, which is a condition of the sebaceous hair follicles, is a condition that involves the skin and the blood vessels. Blood vessels in people with rosacea seem to dilate easily, causing a flushing response to any number of triggering factors. After years of frequent dilation blood vessels may stay dilated permanently.
It appears as a red rash which normally confines to the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. The redness may be often accompanied by bumps, pimples, and skin blemishes.
It is important to treat this condition properly or risk permanent damage to the skin. Treatment is often different for rosacea than for acne, so that it is very important to consult your problem with a doctor.
 
Rosacea, like any skin condition, is different for everyone. The first step in treatment is to identify personal triggers. Recent studies have idicated a number of common foods and situations that can cause the flush response. These may include: cheese, chocolate, vanilla, alcohol, spicy foods, hot beverages, sunlight, cold winds, stress, steroids, vigorous exercise and skin products based on alcohol. Prevention is the best medicine for rosacea! That is why it is very important for sufferers to be aware of diet, habits and surroundings. If you think of any particular food, skin product or lifestyle issue that may be triggering your flushes, try to avoid it for a few weeks.  If your flushing subsides, it is high time to restrain it altogether.

Severe forms of acne:

Acne Conglobata: This is rare but the most serious form of acne vulgaris.  The reasons for that is they can cause severe, irrevocable damage to the skin, and disfiguring scarring. It occurs by numerous large lesions along with widespread blackheads and is more common in males. Primarily, it is found on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs. The age of beginning for acne conglobata is usually between 18 and 30 years, and the condition can last active for many years. Treatment usually includes isotretinoin (Accutane), and it can often be controlled through aggressive treatment over time.

Acne Fulminans: Known as an unexpected onset of acne conglobata which normally afflicts young men. Symptoms of severe nodulocystic, often ulcerating acne are apparent. Disfiguring scarring is common. Acne fulminans is unique in that it also includes a fever and joints aching. Does not respond well to antibiotics. Isotretinoin (Accutane) and oral steroids are normally prescribed.

Gram-Negative Folliculitis: It is a bacterial infection characterized by pustules and cysts. Mostly occurs as a result of long term antibiotic treatment of acne vulgaris.  The most effective treatment  includes isotretinoin (Accutane).

Pyoderma Faciale: This type of severe facial acne affects only females, usually between the ages of 20 to 40 years old. It is characterized by painful large nodules, pustules and sores which may also leave scarring. It begins and ends suddenly, and does not last longer than one year. Unfortunately, it may occur on the skin of a woman who has never had acne before.

Are diet and acne related?

It seems like common sense that diet and acne would be related. But is there a scientific reason why they might be related ? We don’t know for sure.
Diet has a direct effect on our body's insulin levels and insulin affects all of our hormones. Scientists deeply believe that hormonal fluctuations, particularly in our androgen levels, may result in acne formation. Insulin also affects growth hormone and a host of other hormones which may be connected with acne formation on a cellular level. It is hypothesized, that a diet which causes insulin spikes may affect development of acne.
The right diet may have a positive effect on acne. For example; eating meals rich in vegetable, fruit, seafood, and grass-fed meat can help stabilize insulin levels, which in theory may have an impact on acne formation. Also, studies has shown that Omega-3 fats, such as fish oil, for instance, is a powerful anti-inflammatory agent in our body. Since a big part of acne is inflammation, it makes sense that eating an anti-inflammatory diet would help.

How to pop a pimple

Common advice is to let your body heal a pimple on its own without popping. But in the real world, some people absolutely refuse to listen.  However, sometimes, when done properly, popping a pimple can actually have a beneficial effect on the healing process. Note that this technique is reserved only for pimples that are absolutely begging to be popped, that means - all the way at the surface and white. It is recommended after a shower, when the skin is supple.

1. Use a basic sharp sewing needle. Disinfect a needle with rubbing alcohol.
2. Gently prick the pimple’s surface.
3. Take two tissues and wrap your index fingers with them.
4. Squeeze from the sides, confidently but gently, using a down-and-in motion. Don’t force it. If the pimple is ready, it’ll pop. If it doesn’t, leave it.
5. Stop if clear fluid or blood starts to come out.

Warning!!!! Continuing to work at a lesion that is not ready to be popped can lead to scarring.

Most related products:
Go shoping
Businessmlm Intimate moments
4 woman only Healthy bone